In my last post I set forth the basic steps involved in what has been called the Mimetic Sequence. It is the normal means for presenting a student with an idea that they can hopefully grasp to the point of embodying. In short review, the steps were as follows:
- Pre-presentation Stage – the student’s mind is prepared to receive a new idea
- Presentation Stage – the idea is presented in types, giving them as least two but hopefully more types to work with
- Comparison Stage – the teacher and student compare the types for similarities and dissimilarities.
- Explanation Stage – the teacher determines to what degree the student understands the idea by having them put the idea in their own words, either written or oral.
- Application Stage – the student seeks to apply the idea to their life.
Much of my teaching experience comes in the Humanities, where the ideas tend to be large and take a lifetime to apply. But the Mimetic Sequence is relevant to all subjects, at all ages, in all aspects of instruction. It is integral to moving the student from simple knowledge (knowing facts) to the deeper more permanent mode of understanding the truth revealed by the connection of facts to each other.
So, as promised, let me set out a simple plan for teaching an idea. I have recently had Juniors in high school consider the idea of prejudice with me through a presentation of the novel by J.F. Cooper, The Deerslayer in English class. The following were the steps through which we considered this idea.
- In our first lesson together, I presented the students with several instances from the news of prejudicial thinking. Some were racially based, some were political or economic. For the most part, these were things the students knew from their own attention to the news. We discussed why prejudice is a problem from several angles: logic, socially, politically, religiously. I then ended the lesson by stating that our class would be reading a novel that dealt at length with the idea of prejudice.
- Given the size of the novel, the second stage, that of Presenting, took several weeks. As we read the novel in class, I regularly would point out how every character in the story demonstrated various forms of prejudice, whether it was racial, cultural, or religious. It helps when the idea being discussed is embodied in the lives of even fictional characters as they are presented (stories are powerful teachers).
- Especially as the novel came to a close, we regularly discussed the various character’s virtues and vices, comparing and contrasting their choices. This comparison stage is a very powerful way to distinguish the nuances of an idea. For instance, the racial prejudice was almost over the top in the novel, but the gender prejudices were more subtle and yet clear.
- The student was able to express the idea in two ways. First, they kept a journal throughout the reading in which they voiced their responses to the actions of the characters, explaining in particular how the prejudices of the novel were similar and dissimilar to our own time. Secondly, they were given a series of essay prompts to write on, most of which revolved around prejudicial thinking.
- The last stage of Application will take the student the rest of his life, but even during and right after the novel, class discussion and hallway banter indicated that the idea had been clarified and pressed home to the soul of many of the students. They were seeing the idea more clearly and trying to live differently in light of the truth learned.
The fun of teaching is to creatively take this basic sequence of learning and apply it to all subjects. Every lesson has an idea, a unifying principle that takes the content and makes it join into the whole of truth. Seeking those ideas is one of the basic joys of teaching and learning.
But there is a third column…