Some questions about grading that come from a discussion I am having at my school:
Questions of Diversity (are all grades the same):
- Why do some teachers use percentages of right answers, others use letter grades, some use Pass/Fail, and still others some other measurement of grading?
- What are the differences in grading by individual, by group, or by independent standards?
- Should all students be graded in the same manner? In what cases, if any, would there be differences?
Questions of Gestation (by what means are grades brought into being):
- How do grades differ when gathered from test data, performance, participation, or simply put, from what students know versus what they do?
- How do the limitations of a teacher’s knowledge, experience, assessment forming skills, and opinions affect the assigning of grades to a specific assessment? In other words, can a grade be objective despite the subjective nature of a teacher and teaching?
- How does a teacher grade self-expression (art, poetry, music, etc.)?
- If grading by percentage of correct responses, should a teacher expect all students to arrive at the “right” answer in the same way, or allow for creativity and imagination, only grading the result and not the path to the answer? What would this imply for science and math grades?
Questions of Communication (what does a grade imply or speak to):
- What does a grade measure?
- What does a grade communicate to the student and parent?
- What should a grade tell a teacher?
- What should a grade tell a future institution of learning that receives a student’s grades?
Questions of Action (what should be done with grades):
- What should a student do with his grade?
- What is the importance of grading?
- How accurate is a grade in demonstrating mastery of a subject?
- Should a student who has, say, an 83% mastery of Algebra be allowed to pass into a Calculus course?